May 25, 2018 launches the effectiveness of Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC (General Data Protection Regulation - GDPR). Since it's a regulation, it is binding to full extent and may be directly exercised in all EU member states. Personal Data Protection is one of the human rights and freedoms guaranteed by international legislation acts, moreover, legal order of the Slovak Republic guarantees it in its most important Act - the Constitution of the Slovak Republic. A new supportive act has been adopted in the Slovak Republic - Act No. 18/2018 Coll. on Personal Data Protection and on amendment of certain Acts, which shall enter into force on the same day.
Personal Data are a part of every person's life. Personal Data Protection is a quite broad issue, we don't usually notice it until our Personal Data has been misused and our privacy has been infringed. That's why it's important to know who, when, where has access to what extent of our personal data, and how they process them. Moreover, violation of Personal Data Protection entails a risk of stiff fines. Knowledge of regulations considering Personal Data is important not only for persons processing the data, but also for natural persons, whose data are being processed (data subject).