Anglické jazykové okienko

Anglické jazykové okienko

Andy's Wordshop

The question this week is "Why is the extra wheel in the back of a car called the 'spare' wheel?" In Slovak it's colloquially called "rezerva", which might lead you to expect "reserve wheel" in English, which might be understood, but not accepted as the typical collocation (standard expression). Then there are "spare parts" for cars, machines and technical equipment, which might be taken from other, wrecked cars, but more commonly have to be bought new at great expense. Then there's "spare cash", which street beggars ask you for, and "spare time", which could be leisure time (not working time), or a moment when you could help somebody else. The non-technical uses of "spare" mean something extra ("navyše") that you have and can give away. The technical uses mean something you keep in reserve or as a back-up, in case of your own need. Please send questions about English language habits to ocelvychodu@sk.uss.com, and I will choose one to answer in each issue.

Tricky Words in this week's OVI

Risk. My dictionary says this comes from the Italian verb rischiare, but it doesn't go back to Latin. I've read that it was taken over from Arabic, which has a similar word meaning anything that can befall you (happen to you) in life, whether good or bad. That means an eventuality, which is connected with the Slovak idea of "eventuálny", i.e. "prípadný" (though of course the English "eventual" is a tricky word, because it means final, i.e. "konečný"). Although the Arabic idea of "risk" is not specifically good or bad, the eventual meaning in English is negative, so it is something to protect yourself against, or even better to prevent from developing into an accident. Insurance companies claim they protect us from risk, but they only react after an accident (sometimes disappointingly). Prevention on the other hand is proactive, dealing with risks (or dangers and threats) in advance. We have to take the "fate" out of safety.

Ďalšie články

Urobme radosť deťom pod stromčekom

Už po osemnásty raz budeme môcť prostredníctvom firemnej iniciatívy Stromček prianí urobiť počas najkrajších sviatkov roka radosť aj celkom neznámym deťom.

Vynovené postele na geriatrii

V piatok 27. októbra 2023 vo Vysokošpecializovanom odbornom ústave geriatrickom sv. Lukáša v Košiciach slávnostne otvorili rekonštruované 5. poschodie.

Zásady ochrany osobných údajov

Používame cookies, aby sme návštevníkom poskytli čo najväčšie pohodlie pri používaní tejto stránky. Viac info...